The Politics of Cultural Knowledge

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We are looking for an enthusiastic new colleague starting 1 April Do you meet the requirements and would you like to be part of our team? Then we invite you to apply! The position concerns the temporary replacement of a colleague on maternity leave for a period of maximum two years. The job combines political rule of law with cultural work and is for 30 hours four days per week, not necessarily limited to regular office hours.

  • Political culture.
  • CEO logic: how to think and act like a chief executive.
  • Outline of culture.

Data Analytics DA , or data mining, is the nontrivial process of identifying valid, novel, potentially useful, and ultimately understandable patterns in data stored in structured databases Fayyad et al. DA is considered to be one of its four key architectural BI functions, next to data-warehousing, business performance management, and user interfacing. Healthcare is known to be a complex system, in which the nonlinear interactions between its people, process, and technology components determine its success Lipsitz, Due to compliance regulations and ecosystem interdependencies, the healthcare sector has proven to be a particularly challenging though potentially rewarding sector to introduce BI systems successfully.

It may be assessed under laboratory conditions within a clinical trial context, or as a value-adding tool in daily practice of healthcare professionals, among others.

Political Culture

Then, possible metrics include efficacy, effectiveness, efficiency, satisfaction or: usability , perception, intent, and usefulness scores e. Croll, However, measuring efficacy in clinical studies is both very expensive and resource-intensive. Effectiveness in daily practice suffers from the same restrictions, as physicians are known to have extremely limited time to participate in improvement studies, and patients may be equally hesitant as they may not benefit directly themselves from the study.

Efficiency and usability measurements often require production-ready systems to be in place for proper evaluation, which often take years to develop. It is no wonder, then, that costs for healthcare have been steadily growing throughout the last decades Spruit et al.

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  8. One possible solution to the ever-rising costs and optimization of the quality of care, has been to pursue a patient-centered approach. Patient-centredness is regarded as crucial for the delivery of high quality care by doctors, but more research is needed to measure the impact of processes and outcomes of patient-centered care Mead and Bower, We aim to explore how to design, co-create, develop and evaluate patient-centric business intelligence and data analytics systems for healthcare that showcase its potential societal impact.

    The archetypical model below visualizes the overall aim of this special issue.

    Core Knowledge Area: Societal & Cultural Knowledge: Core: Loyola University Chicago

    We welcome contributions focussing on patient-centric investigations in any of the architectural BI functions of datawarehousing, business analytics, business performance management, or user interfacing. We explicitly invite submissions from all healthcare stakeholder perspectives, including that of healthcare professionals such as general practitioners and nurses, as long as they include a patient-centric perspective.

    Above all, we are interested in reports on metrics, methods and techniques that help evaluate the impact or success of patient-centric healthcare IS artefacts and implementations in daily life. Finally, we are open to all research approaches to these questions, including design science, action research, and software development life cycle paradigms. Most of all we are welcoming contributions beyond the technical aspects of this technical phenomenon with a focus on the Social, Economic, Political and Cultural Dimension.

    The Politics of Cultural Knowledge

    Croll, J. Fayyad, U. From data mining to knowledge discovery in databases. Mead, Margaret National Character. Edited by Alfred L. Potter, David M. Pye, Lucian W. New Haven : Yale Univ. Schramm, Wilbur L. Stanford Univ. Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. September 24, Retrieved September 24, from Encyclopedia. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.

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    Although insights into political culture have been part of political reflection since classical antiquity, two developments in the context of the French Revolution laid the groundwork for modern understandings. Henceforth, sovereignty was seen to reside in society rather than in the monarch and his divine rights. A century later, Max Weber turned this political claim into a scientific one when he defined legitimacy as that which is considered to be legitimate — not only by elites but by the population in general; to understand the political power of the state, social science must therefore attend to its reception and sources in society.

    Contemporary work on political culture, however, dates more directly to the mid-twentieth century, particularly in the United States. In the wake of World War II — , social scientists were motivated to explain why some nations had turned to authoritarianism while others supported democratic institutions. In a somewhat different vein, the German exile philosopher Theodor Adorno and colleagues undertook a massive study during the war into what they called, in the title of their work, The Authoritarian Personality , continuing earlier research by critical theorists into the structure of authority in families, which they believed had led Germans to support authoritarian politics and social prejudice.

    First, the predominant sociological theory in the United States was that of Talcott Parsons , who explained social order in terms of institutions that inculcated individuals with coherent sets of norms, values, and attitudes — what Parsons called culture — which in turn sustained those institutions through time. In contrast, the so-called behavioral revolution in political science argued that such accounts neglected extra-institutional variables as sources of social order a concern that could be traced back to Montesquieu in the mid-eighteenth century, who sought external factors — in his case climate — to explain the different forms of law in history ; in Parsons, moreover, critics charged that norms, values, and attitudes were more often simply assumed as necessary integrative features of social systems rather than measured empirically hence the appeal to behaviorism, which in psychology held observability to be the only relevant criterion for science.

    This fit clearly within the behavioral revolution because it turned to extra-institutional variables norms, values, and attitudes to explain political outcomes. Nonetheless, the work was presented as a study of political culture , defined as the aggregate pattern of subjective political dispositions in the populace, thus incorporating and, indeed, operationalizing, the Parsonsian concept of culture. On the basis of extensive survey research, The Civic Culture theorized three basic orientations toward political institutions and outcomes: parochial, where politics is not differentiated as a distinct sphere of life and is of relatively little interest; subject, in which individuals are aware of the political system and its outcomes but are relatively passive; and participant, where citizens have a strong sense of their role in politics and responsibility for it.

    The Civic Culture rated five countries on these qualities, finding Italy and Mexico to be relatively parochial, Germany to be subject, and the United States and the United Kingdom to be participant political cultures. Nevertheless, there have been many criticisms of the approach developed by Almond and Verba and their colleagues. These ranged from methodological concerns about the survey instruments to the claim that the approach normatively privileged American-style democracy as the model against which all others must be judged.

    Still others argued that political culture was being used as a residual category for all that cannot be explained by other theories, and thus has no theoretically defensible conceptual ground of its own. Culture is interpersonal, covering a range of such theory. Indeed, since the s, political culture theory has been radically transformed by a more general cultural turn in social science, brought about by such influences as the symbolic anthropology of Clifford Geertz and the rise of semiotics, structuralism, and poststructuralism in European anthropology and literary theory.

    What kinds of jobs might a focus in Culture, Politics & Place prepare you for?

    However, the rise of various structuralisms in political culture analysis — emphasizing the Rousseau-Durkheim more than the Montesquieu-Weber axis — has required some modifications since the s, when structuralist approaches in general have fallen somewhat out of favor. While in no way a return to the earlier subjectivism in political culture theory, the practice approach recognizes the limitations of structuralism, in which agents seem to drop out of the picture, or serve only as enactors or carriers of structure.

    One temptation with this recognition, however, is to assume that while states are about power, societies are about meaning and the reception of power. One solution, inspired by Michel Foucault , among others, has been to declare society the true locus of power. The problem is that this misses the ways in which states do indeed set agendas for societies. Recent analyses have thus returned to the political culture of the state e. But they do so without supposing that societies are mere recipients of such productions.

    New political culture analysts in particular have focused not only on how political acts succeed or fail to obtain some material advantage but also on how in doing so they produce, reproduce, or change identities. Interpreting them and understanding how they are generated and how they work is thus of paramount importance.

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    Baker, Keith M. Cambridge, U.

    Lecture 20. The Politics of Gender and Culture

    Bonnell, Victoria E. Berkeley: University of California Press. Elkins, David J. Comparative Politics 11 2 : — Geertz, Clifford. The Interpretation of Cultures; Selected Essays.

    New York : Basic Books. Hunt, Lynn. Politics, Culture and Class in the French Revolution. Somers, Margaret. Toward an Historical Sociology of Concept Formation.

    The main schools of thought still cling to an outdated understanding of how civilizations work.

    Sociological Theory 13 2 : — Political culture , a concept popular among scholars, takes an anthropological approach to political life. In other words, rather than concentrate on systematic political theories, the study of political culture is attuned to cultural symbols and "unstated premises. Political culture has been particularly useful for studying the early Republic because only at the end of this period did anything much resembling the familiar U. The books often said to have inaugurated the study of political culture among historians of early America were Bernard Bailyn's Ideological Origins of the American Revolution and its companion volume, The Origins of American Politics.

    Locating the sources of American political thought in a then little-read collection of tracts from the fringes of British politics, Bailyn exposed the founding fathers as conspiracy theorists whose campaign against the British imperial regime was full of hysterical rhetoric and outlandish beliefs, most of them revolving around a secret British design to impose an unconstitutional tyranny on the American colonies—or, as worried American slaveholders tended to put it, to reduce America to slavery.